بررسی تاثیر برنامه فلسفه برای کودکان بر نظریه ذهن و باورهای ماکیاولیستی در دوره ابتدایی

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی، گروه علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه یاسوج، یاسوج، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه یاسوج، یاسوج، ایران

3 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه یاسوج، یاسوج، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تاثیر برنامه فلسفه برای کودکان بر نظریه ذهن و باورهای ماکیاولیستی در دانش آموزان دوره ابتدایی بود. روش پژوهش، نیمه تجربی و از نوع پیش­آزمون- پس­آزمون و گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را تمامی دانش آموزان پایه­ی چهارم، پنجم و ششم شهر شیراز در سال تحصیلی 98-97 تشکیل می دادند؛ که تعداد 90 آزمودنی به روش نمونه گیری خوشه­ای به عنوان نمونه انتخاب و در دو گروه 45 نفری (گروه آزمایش و  کنترل) به صورت تصادفی جایگزین شدند. جهت آموزش فلسفه به کودکان که مبتنی بر داستان خوانی بود از کتاب "داستان­هایی برای تفکر " اثر رابرت فیشر استفاده شد. در ادامه، آزمودنی­های گروه آزمایشی به مدت ده جلسه تحت آموزش برنامه فلسفه برای کودکان قرار گرفتند. به منظورگردآوری داده­ها از مقیاس نظریه ذهن(Happe, 1994:129) و مقیاس باورهای ماکیاولیستی (Christie & Geis, 1970:10 )  استفاده شد. نتایج نشان دادند که آموزش فلسفه برای کودکان موجب ارتقاء نظریه ذهن و کاهش باورهای ماکیاولیستی در آزمودنی­های گروه آزمایش در مقایسه با گروه کنترل گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Philosophy for Children Program on the Theory of Mind and Machiavellianism Beliefs

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shokofeh Mir Bagheri 1
  • Nasser Noshadi 2
  • Fariborz Nikdel 3
1 Master's degree student in Educational Psychology, Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Yasuj University, Yasuj, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Yasuj University, Yasuj, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Yasuj University, Yasuj, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of teaching philosophy for children on the theory of mind and Machiavellianism beliefs in elementary school students. The research design was quasi experimental and pre-test, post-test and control group. The statistical population of the research consisted of 90 subjects were selected and randomly assigned to two groups of 45 subjects in experimental and control group. The book "Stories for Thinking" by Robert Fisher was used to teach philosophy for children that was based on storytelling method. Subsequently, experimental group subjects were trained in philosophy for children for ten sessions. The data were collected using the theory of mind Questionnaire (Happe, 1994) and the Machiavellianism Beliefs Questionnaire (Christie and Geis, 1970). The results showed that the teaching of philosophy for children promoted the theory of mind and reduced the Machiavellianism beliefs in the experimental group subjects compared to the control group.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • philosophy for children
  • theory of mind
  • Machiavellianism beliefs
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